Social Studies Bonding Singapore Essays On Global Warming

Category Archives: Bonding Singapore

SEQ Bonding

Posted onOctober 27, 2011bymamafess

How far do you agree that the main problem for Singapore in ensuring social harmony is racial differences?  Explain your answer. I agree that racial differences can be a problem for Singapore in ensuring social harmony. (Point)There are many different … Continue reading →

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SEQ Bonding

Posted onOctober 26, 2011bymamafess

Which has been more effective in fostering social cohesion in Singapore? (i)                  Ethnic Integration Policy (ii)                National Service Explain your answer. There is a need to foster social cohesion in Singapore as Singapore is a multi-racial, multi-cultural and multi-religious society. … Continue reading →

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Bonding

Posted onOctober 26, 2011bymamafess

To what extent is managing racial differences the most important strategy in preventing the outbreak of social riots? Explain your answer. I agree that managing racial difference can be an important strategy in preventing the outbreak of social riots. (Point) … Continue reading →

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Bonding Singapore

Posted onOctober 6, 2011bymamafess

In managing ethnic diversity inSingapore, safeguarding the interests of minority groups is a more important measure than building a national identity. Do you agree?  Explain your answer.   I agree that in managing ethnic diversity in Singapore, safeguarding the interest … Continue reading →

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Bonding Singapore

Posted onOctober 6, 2011bymamafess

`Racial and religious sensitivities can be managed effectively by addressing the needs of minority groups.’ How far do you agree with this judgement? Explain your answer.   I agree that racial and religious sensitivities can be managed effectively by addressing … Continue reading →

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SEQ Bonding Singapore

Posted onOctober 6, 2011bymamafess

How far is distrust among the different groups in Singapore due to the lack of understanding among the different racial groups? Explain your answer.                  I agree that distrust among the different groups in Singaporecan be due to the lack … Continue reading →

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SEQ : Bonding Singapore

Posted onSeptember 30, 2011bymamafess

Developing good relations with multi ethnic neighbours alone will guarantee racial harmony in Singapore. Do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer. I agree that developing good relations with multi-ethnic neighbours will guarantee racial harmony in Singapore. In Singapore’s … Continue reading →

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Ch 2: Sustaining Economic Development in a Globalising World

What is Globalisation?

Process by which people, their ideas and their activities in different parts of the world become interconnected or integrated

Key Driving Forces of Globalisation

Developments in Transportation and Communications

TRANSPORTATION

            *In 19th century: widespread use of steam engines

            *In 20th century: ocean-going vessels, commercial jet aircrafts, containerism

              Significance: greatly increased the movement of goods and people from one 

                                   place to another 

             *Efficient and integrated transportation infrastructure to facilitate movement: 

               airports, seaports, railways, highways

COMMUNICATION

*Faster and more convenient communication via:  telephone, electronic mail, 

                                                                                fax, video conferencing

*Satellite technology: allows for simultaneous transmitting and receiving of information

*Optical Fibre systems: transmit large capacity of information at very high speed

*Internet: consumers can access information more conveniently and efficiently

Significance of advances in communication technology: Transnational Corporations (TNCs) can easily coordinate and control their worldwide activities

Transnational Corporations (TNCs)

* large global firms

*operate in a number of countries

*have production of service facilities outside their country of origin

Why do TNCs set up their operations in different locations around the world?

source for new markets

lower cost of production

           How are worldwide operations controlled and coordinated? By the HQ in the 

                                                                                                         country of origin

Process to arrive at the final product?

source for component from around the world

assemble final product in another country

Significance: economies around the world become more integrated

    

Impact  of  Globalisation

1. Economic Impact

Globalisation has led to:

Improvement in Standard of Living

increase in income levels

more revenue earned due to increased investments in a country

Revenue earned used for: education, housing, health, defence and transportation

Increase in lifestyle choices (ie: instead of buying local products, now have the choice to buy the same product made in other countries)

Significance: people enjoy benefits, have a higher standard of living and a better   quality of life

Increased Competition among Nations

Investment and Market

TNCs:  With globalization, countries face intense competition as governments compete with one another to attract the TNCs

Eg: Singapore’s port faces competition from Malaysia’s port at Tanjong Pelepas

Investors invest in a country:

             where productions costs are low

             incentives are offered to foreign investors

              

Result: The country ends up having well-developed industrial infrastructure

             The country poses a strong challenge to other countries in the region

When will investors not want to invest in a country?

poor infrastructure

political instability

    

Talent

The  workforce has had more opportunities to find employment in a nother country due to globalisation 

c.   Widening Income Gap between the Rich and the Poor

Globalisation has brought about: rapid development in many countries as well as led to spread of poverty in other countries

Developed countries: own manufacturing activities so = rapid income growth

The rich in these countries continue to prosper because of better opportunities

TNCs: draw investments, skilled people, resources away from poor areas and relocate them in other regions that benefit them

Developing countries: face trade barriers from developed countries

                                       Unable to produce higher quality goods

The poor and lowly-skilled workers in these countries: face economic uncertainties such as retrenchment

Result: increasing tension between rich and poor

2. Social Impact

Increased Awareness of Foreign Culture

People have become aware of different cultures

      HOW? Surfing the Internet, traveling, watching foreign movies

 

       Loss of Local Culture      

Global brands dominate consumer market in developing countries

TNCs: have created a homogenous culture across the world

Globalisation: led to spread of pop culture

   Result: influenced the youths, resulting in loss of local culture

Reaction to Globalisation: people are uncomfortable with advancement of foreign culture as it is seen as the foreign culture beliefs, cultures and languages is being forced upon the rest of the world

   3.    Environmental Impact

Natural Resources in developing countries as timber, oil and metals used up quickly

Developing countries more concerned with profits and markets

         Result: Takes a toll on the natural environment

Problem with developing countries? Unable to implement and enforce environmental regulations

     Environmental Degradation

Deforestation and Related Problems

Deforestation:

            * taking place at a rapid rate 

            * to make way for development of industries, agriculture, housing and 

              transportation

            *for economic activities such as forestry, mining and cattle ranching

            *to plant cash crops, build factories, transport facilities (Indonesia)

Problems:

* soil erosion

*extinction of flora and fauna

* increase in flooding

*haze (a result of burning forest fast as it is the cheapest and easiest way)

  Effect of haze: not only caused environmental but also health problems and                          losses in terms of tourism

Global Warming

*Causes of global warming? Movement of goods via aeroplanes and ships, other modes of transportation 

How? Production of large quantities of greenhouse gases (fumes) such as carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides leads to an increase in the average global temperature

c. Environmental Management

*increased awareness of environmental management

*with a well-preserved environment future generation are able to use the resources to 

  generate income

Result: ability to continue to enjoy high standards of living

*Energy use will increase by more than half over the next 25 years

*China and India: will take up much of  the energy increase due to rapid development 

  and large-scale industrialization

How to ensure a sustainable source of energy supply?

*Conservation

*Alternative energy soures: wind, solar, geothermal

But alternative sources of energy are costly to arrive at.

Singapore’s Strategies to Maximize Opportunities and Overcome Challenges in a Globalizing World

How are the strategies carried out?

a. Diversifying the Economy

Areas?

*Research and Development

Manufacturing Hub

Education Hub

Tourism Hub

Singapore’s goal:  centre for technology-intensive, high-value added manufacturing 

                              Activities  egs: chemical engineering, pharmaceuticals

Singapore’s direction?  Life  Sciences, attract TNCs (high value-added manufacturing)

Life Sciences: How to ensure development? *Need for Research and Development,     

                                                                         so set up A*STAR

                                                                        *Research institutes set up

TNCs:

*generates jobs

*affirms S’pore’s position as a manufacturing hub

Education:

*International Universities have set up branches in S’pore

Significance? Singapore will be able to create a strong university sector that attracts 

                       Talent

Tourism: (Service Industry)

*need to keep up with competition in the region

*Tourist destination – building of IRs: Significance: Singapore will become a choice tourist destination in SEA and generate economic benefits

b. Nurturing Growth of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)   

SMEs: *important providers of jobs

            *Supplies TNCs with components in the manufacturing industries

             Result: enhances Singapore’s attractiveness as 

                        a. regional manufacturing hub

                        b. service hub

Problems with SMEs:  a. unable to cooperate with big corporations which have more 

                                         resources

                                    b. lack expertise in using advanced technology to keep 

                                        operations up-to-date  

                                    c. shortage of skilled professionals to manage the company

                                        (because family-run)

                                    d. lack capital to venture into overseas markets 

                                        (because small domestic market)

Solution: *Loan schemes where banks provide assistance

               *Training: regular seminars and workshops organized for members to 

                              enhance their capacity

                *Tax Exemption for new companies

c. Venturing Abroad     

Regionalisation: invest in countries with abundant land and lower labour costs and 

                           new markets

                          Country that is investing provides capital and expertise to develop 

                           Industrial parks in host countries

                           Benefit: promotes development in the region

                          Eg: Suzhou Industrial Park

                                 International Tech Park in Bangalore, India

SingTel Groups: ventured abroad (in the region)

                            Expanded into overseas markets

                            Investments in over 20 countries

                            Benefit; Ensures Singapore’s long-term growth

Singapore has International Investments as well

Overall Benefit: ensures Singapore’s economic growth is maintained

  Possible Negative Impact? 

 With Singaporeans relocating overseas, studying abroad and choosing to live

 there  and work there, may result in Singaporeans becoming less emotionally 

rooted to Singapore

d. Expanding Market Reach Through Economic Cooperation

     *Singapore’s domestic market is small

*local companies have to sell their goods to a larger market to establish trade ties

How to expand market reach?

1. sign Free Trade Agreements (FTA) with other countries

    Benefit: brings closer economic collaboration by legally binding countries

2. setting up Special Economic Zones (SEZ)

Benefits: *less stringent economic laws than those in other parts of the country

               * uses tax and business incentives to attract foreign investments

e. Managing Resources Efficiently

*Singapore lacks natural resources

*Have to take care of natural environment so future generations can continue to 

 enjoy clean and green environment

How to manage resources efficiently?

Developing People

HOW?

Promoting local Entrepreneurship and Technopreneurship

*Local entrepreneurs should take risks in their business ventures and come up with 

  new products to compete with foreign countries

How to promote entrepreneurship?

Amend bankruptcy laws: Why? entrepreneurs who have failed can start a business again

Recognising local entrepreneurs who have struggled and succeeded 

Promoting Continuous Learning Among the Workforce

*Singapore Workforce Development Agency (WDA) ensures that workforce remains competitive

*Skills upgrading provided for workers by WDA: for new job demands and changing 

  work environment

*Skills Development Fund (SFD) provides financial assistance to employers to train

  and upgrade skills of their workers

Attracting Foreign Talent

Why? *to meet manpower needs

          *knowledge-based economy

          *brings with it overseas business contacts

          *creates more business opportunities and jobs in Singapore

           *make up for the lack of local expertise who have specialized skilled 

            (craftsmen, artists)

Managing the Environment

*Environmental preservation is crucial to sustainable development

Managing Limited Land Resources

*to allow for high standard facilities for housing, transportation, recreation, commerce,  defence and education

Benefit: *Singapore enjoys  a good quality of life

              *Ensures Singapore’s sustained growth in globalising world

*Land reserved to preserve natural sites

*Land allocated for waste disposal

Cooperation with Regional and International Organisations

Regional Level:

*Singapore cooperated with ASEAN on haze issue: Singapore hosted the ASEAN 

  Ministerial Meeting on Haze in 1997 to discuss matters to combat the problems 

International Level:

Singapore worked with other countries to work on global environmental problems

Eg: signed agreement to phase out use of ozone-depleting substances like CFCs

Public Education

* people must be educated on understanding environmental protection

*adopt environmental friendly ways

*have a sense of responsibility

*take personal interest in keeping surroundings clean

*students encouraged in taking part in recycling and waste minimization programmes

*shoppers encouraged: reduce excessive use of plastic bags eg: BYOBD programme

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